Pathways to Inclusion, 3e
Building a New Story with People and Communities

John Lord & Peggy Hutchison     

Captus Press, ISBN 978-1-55322-353-5 (2017)
348 pages, 480 g, 6 X 9, $39.50 (US$31.60)

Well-researched, with clear dialogue, and interspersed with community stories, Pathways to Inclusion is designed to inspire change within both human service personnel and the greater community.

Highlighting more than 30 initiatives, Pathways to Inclusion, 3e, provides insights and awareness about the current need for social innovation to support vulnerable citizens from exclusion to social inclusion. It offers an analysis of the failures of traditional approaches and summarizes principles and strategies that are being used to build a New Story with people and communities.

A timely examination of the emergence of new visions and practices in human services and communities across Canada, Pathways to Inclusion, 3e, continues to be an invaluable resource to educators, advocates and self advocates, family leaders, innovators, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of disability studies, aging, and human services. This edition includes new research on community change and recent innovations in human services.

Table of Contents   top

Preface and Acknowledgements to Third Edition


1 Setting the Stage for Change

Chapter 1 Pathways to Inclusion: A Framework for Building a New Story

  • Time for Change: The Need for Innovation
  • Characteristics of Pathways to Inclusion
  • New Meanings Attached to Inclusion
  • Walk the Talk

Chapter 2 Clienthood and Compliance: The Failure of Traditional Approaches

  • Rotten Outcomes
  • Constructing Vulnerability
    • Making Clienthood
    • Creating Compliance
  • Who Really Cares?

2 Values and Vision

Chapter 3 Values and Principles: The Foundation for Change

  • Values Are Central to the New Story
    • Human Rights and Citizenship
    • Diversity and Person-Centeredness
    • Participation and Empowerment
    • Hospitality and Community
    • Relationships and Networks
    • Reflection on Values
  • Making Values and Principles Explicit
  • Beyond Ideology: Values and Principles Are a Viable Alternative

Chapter 4 Community and Hospitality: Rediscovering Where We Belong

  • The Emergence of Community
  • Pioneers to Learn From
  • Capacities of Caring Communities
  • It's Really About Belonging
  • Social Movements That Are Rediscovering Community
  • Thinking and Acting Like a Social Movement

Chapter 5 Shifting Power: To Individuals, Families, and Communities

  • Re-shaping Power into a Usable Resource
  • The Powers of the Weak
  • No Quick Fixes: The Challenging Journey of Personal Empowerment
  • Empowerment: A Personal, Community, and Political Affair
  • Putting the "Power Shift" into Personal Action

Chapter 6 Compassion and Purpose: Leaving Victimhood Behind

  • The Futility of Being a Victim
  • Compassion as a Gateway to Awareness
  • No Purpose without Compassion
  • Engaged Compassion: Expressing the Values through Action
  • Compassion: A Path to Strengthen the Heart

3 Strategies and Pathways

Chapter 7 Inspirational Leadership: A Key to Innovation

  • Leaders with a Cause: Values and Vision Come Alive
  • Developing a New Initiative Demands a Special Touch
  • Revitalizing a Service Organization
  • The Personal Nature of Leadership: Women's Ways of Working

Chapter 8 "It's My Life": Building on Dreams and Gifts

  • The Power of Dreaming: Enabling People to Find Their Path
  • We All Have Gifts
    • Types of Gifts
    • Using a Strengths Approach
  • Housing First: Everyone Matters
  • A Powerful Idea: Independent Facilitation
    • The Ontario Experience with Independent Facilitation
    • Facilitation Issues
  • Individualized Funding: Individuals and Networks Control Support Resources
  • Creative Approaches to Direct Support
  • Time for Common Sense

Chapter 9 Social Networks: Expanding Capacity and Belonging through Relationships

  • Major Approaches to Network Building
  • A Meaningful Process to Building a Network
  • Outcomes That Make a Difference
  • Loneliness and Belonging

Chapter 10 Together Is Better: The Power of New Story Self-Help

  • Power of Self-Help
  • Self-Help among Peers: Building Identity, Finding Strength
    • Peer Support
    • Peer-Driven Organizations
    • Peer-Driven Organizations Are Different
  • Self-Help among Families: Gaining Support and Influence
    • A Powerful Idea
    • Family-Driven Organizations
  • Safeguarding the New Paradigm

4 Creating an Inclusive Civil Society

Chapter 11 Government and the Common Good: Policies and Funding That Work

  • Policy and Funding: Good, Bad, and Ugly
    • Policies That Support Social Innovation and the New Story
    • Policies That De-link Housing from Direct Personal Support
    • Individualized Funding Policies
    • Policies for Independent Facilitation
    • Policies That Nurture Social Inclusion and Cohesion
    • Policies That Enable Full Economic Participation
    • Policies That Support and Fund Local Innovation
    • Seeding and Supporting New Story Functions
  • Moving Policy Development toward Genuine Transformation
  • Citizen Participation in Transformation
  • Role of Governments in Transformation
    • Policy and System Change in British Columbia
    • Policy and System Change in Ontario
  • Final Thoughts on Policy

Chapter 12 The Future: Hopes for the New Story

  • Why We Believe the New Story Will be Embraced
  • Embodying the New Story
  • Sustainability of New Story Ideas
  • Beyond Vulnerability
  • Community Means Inclusion for All
  • Collaboration: Key Strategy for Change
  • Conclusion: A Future of Possibilities

Appendix: New Story Initiatives

  • Contact Information and Authors' Related Publications
  • Other Resources and Links


About the Authors


Instructor Resources   top

Related Resources   top

About the Author   top

John Lord is a community researcher and author. He was a founder of the Centre for Community-Based Research and the Centre’s first Director for more than a decade. John has published widely in the areas of deinstitutionalization, independent living, individualized funding, and innovative community supports for vulnerable citizens. He has been the co-founder of several social innovations, including the Support Clusters Project, the Welcoming Home Initiative, Bridges to Belonging, and the Facilitation Leadership Group. John regularly consults with communities, governments, organizations, and grassroots groups on the New Story. He is the author of numerous journal publications and has authored or co-authored several books, including Friends and Inclusion: Five Approaches to Building Relationships; Shifting the Paradigm in Community Mental Health: Towards Empowerment and Community; Return to the Community: The Process of Closing an Institution; Recreation Integration: Issues and Alternatives in Leisure Services and Community Involvement; and Facilitating on Everyday Life

Peggy Hutchison is Professor Emeritus, Brock University, in St. Catharines, Ontario. She was a founder of the Centre for Community-Based Research. She has been actively involved in research, education, and advocacy related to inclusion for the past 25 years, both nationally and internationally. Her areas of research, teaching, and service include diversity, empowerment, inclusion, independent living movement, relationships, and community building. Peggy was a long-time editor of the Journal of Leisurability and advisor for Kitchener–Waterloo People First. She is the author of numerous journal publications and has authored or co-authored several books, including Friends and Inclusion: Five Approaches to Building Relationships; Leisure, Integration, and Community; Inclusive and Special Recreation: Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities; A Textured Life: Empowerment and Adults with Developmental Disabilities; Making Friends: Developing Relationships Between People With a Disability and Other Members of the Community; and Recreation Integration: Issues and Alternatives in Leisure Services and Community Involvement.