Law and Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, 5e
Canadian Legal Studies Series

David Elliott     

Captus Press, ISBN 978-1-55322-095-4 (2005)
462 pages, 1090 g, 8.5 X 11, $51.75 (US$41.50)

For introductory courses on Aboriginal law, legal issues, governance and advocacy.

This new and updated edition of the popular work provides both an introductory text and an extensive collection of primary materials in one of the most dynamic areas of Canadian law. It addresses key aspects of the law applied in Canadian courts in regard to Aboriginal peoples.

The work addresses basic issues such as status, treaties, the Canadian constitutional framework, fiduciary obligations, Aboriginal rights and title, claims, and Aboriginal self-government in both written commentary and in extracts from primary and other source materials. The classic cases and major policy initiatives are considered in an historical and comparative perspective. The updated fifth edition continues this tradition, addressing recent decisions such as Mitchell, Kitkatla, Wewaykum, Powley, and Haida Nation, and recent developments such as the new Tlicho and Labrador Inuit land claims and self-government agreements.

Table of Contents   top



Organization and Guide to Symbols


1. Introduction

1. Scope of the Book
2. The People, the Change, and the Law
3. Mileposts

2. Who Is an Aboriginal Person?

1. Anthropological and Legal Descriptions
2. Section 35 Aboriginal Peoples
3. Section 91(24) Indians
4. Categories of Indian Act Indians
5. Non-Indian Act Aboriginal Peoples
6. Treaty Indians
7. Claims Agreement Beneficiaries
8. Self-Definition Possibilities
9. Aboriginal Status and Equality

3. Aboriginal Rights before Calder

1. Context
2. Background
3. Aboriginal Concepts
4. Descriptions and Questions
5. Source of Aboriginal Rights
6. Alternative Approaches
7. Interrelationships
8. Evolution of Approaches
9. The Royal Proclamation of 1763
10. St. Catherine’s Milling and Lumber Co. v. The Queen
11. Johnson and Graham’s Lessee v. M’Intosh
12. Worcester v. Georgia
13. Connolly
14. Shadow of St. Catherine’s

4. Aboriginal Rights from Calder to Guerin

1. Calder
2. Post-Calder Years 
3. Baker Lake
4. Guerin
5. Turning Point?

5. Indian Treaties 

1. Significance
2. Definition
3. Main Categories
4. Size
5. Content
6. Participants
7. Status
8. Interpretation and Enforcement
9. Charlottetown Accord
10. Treaty Problems
11. Simon
12. Sioui
13. Bear Island 
14. Badger
15. Marshall
16. Haida Nation
17. Clarification or Reconstruction?

6. Legislative Jurisdiction

1. Overview
2. Level One: Statutes and Parliamentary Sovereignty
3. Level Two: Constitution Act, 1867
4. Level Three: Section 88 of Indian Act
5. Level Four: Natural Resources Transfer Agreements
6. Level Five: Section 35(1) of Constitution Act, 1982
7. Cardinal
8. Dick
9. Delgamuukw
10. Kitkatla
11. More Challenges

7. Constitution Act, 1982 and Sparrow

1. Changes to Constitution Act, 1982
2. Background
3. Questions
4. Sparrow

8. Fiduciary Duties

1. Introduction
2. “Ordinary” Fiduciary Relationships
3. Source of Obligation
4. Guerin
5. Sparrow
6. Content of Fiduciary Duty
7. General Trends
8. Modern Cases
9. Tentative Summary

9. Aboriginal Rights: I

1. Introduction
2. Mabo
3. Van der Peet 
4. Gladstone
5. Pamajewon

10. Aboriginal Rights: II

1. Introduction
2. Adams
3. Delgamuukw
4. Mitchell
5. Powley
6. Haida Nation
7. Basic Features

11. Aboriginal Claims 

1. General Questions
2. What are Aboriginal Claims?
3. Alternative Approaches
4. Claims Process
5. Major Comprehensive Claims Agreements and Negotiations
6. Factors Influencing the Settlement of Comprehensive Claims
7. Some Key Land Claims Agreements
8. Some Specific Claims
9. “Other Claims”
10. Future Directions

12. Aboriginal Self-Government

1. Aboriginal Perspectives 
2. The Debate
3. Possible Alternatives
4. A Common Law Right of Aboriginal Self-Government?
5. Formal Constitutional Route
6. Federal Policy Route
7. Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
8. Assessment of Self-Government Initiatives

13. Concluding Note


1. Introduction

(a) Some Aboriginal Perspectives on Lands and Resources
(b) Founding Peoples in Traditional Times

2. Who Is an Aboriginal Person?

(a) General Status Provisions
(b) Canadian Bill of Rights and Charter
(c) Canada (A.G.) v. Lavell; Isaac et al. v. Bedard
(d) 1985 Indian Act Status Provisions
(e) Corbiere v. Canada (Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs)

3. Aboriginal Rights before Calder 

(a) The Royal Proclamation of 1763
(b) St. Catherine’s Milling and Lumber Co. v. The Queen 
(c) Johnson and Graham’s Lessee v. M’Intosh
(d) Worcester v. Georgia
(e) Connolly v. Woolrich and Johnstone v. Connolly

4. Aboriginal Rights from Calder to Guerin

(a) Calder v. British Columbia (A.G.)
(b) Baker Lake v. Canada (Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs)
(c) Guerin v. The Queen

5. Indian Treaties

(a) Indian Treaty Map
(b) Report of the Commissioner for Treaty Number 11
(c) Simon v. The Queen
(d) R. v. Sioui
(e) Ontario (A.G.) v. Bear Island Foundation
(f) R. v. Badger
(g) R. v. Marshall

6. Legislative Jurisdiction

(a) Some Provisions Relevant to Legislative Jurisdiction
(b) Cardinal v. Alberta (A.G.)
(c) Dick v. The Queen
(d) Delgamuukw v. British Columbia
(e) Kitkatla Band v. British Columbia (Minister of Small Business, Tourism and Culture)

7. Constitution Act, 1982 and Sparrow

(a) Excerpts from Constitution Act, 1982
(b) 1983 Constitutional Accord
(c) R. v. Sparrow 

8. Fiduciary Duties 

(a) Guerin
(b) Sparrow 
(c) Blueberry River Indian Band v. Canada (Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development)
(d) Wewaykum Indian Band v. Canada

9. Aboriginal Rights

(a) Mabo v. State of Queensland (No. 2)
(b) R. v. Van der Peet 
(c) R. v. Gladstone 
(d) R. v. Pamajewon 

10. Aboriginal Rights and Title

(a) R. v. Adams
(b) Delgamuukw v. British Columbia
(c) Mitchell v. Canada (Minister of National Revenue)
(d) R. v. Powley
(e) Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests)

11. Aboriginal Claims

(a) Map of Comprehensive Land Claims in British Columbia
(b) Federal Policy for the Settlement of Native Claims 
(c) Land Provisions of Modern Treaties 
(d) Nisga'a Final Agreement in Brief 
(e) Sechelt Agreement-in-Principle
(f) Land Claims Agreement Dispute Resolution

12. Aboriginal Self-Government

(a) Kaianerakowa 
(b) Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act 
(c) Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation Self-Government Agreement
(d) Proposed Charlottetown Accord
(e) Pamajewon
(f) Highlights of Report of Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
(g) People to People, Nation to Nation

General Index

Table of Section References

Instructor Resources   top

Related Resources   top

About the Author   top

David W. Elliott, D.Phil., M.A., B.A. (Hons. Jur.), B.A., is Associate Professor of Law at Carleton University. He is the author of articles and other works in the areas of public law, administrative law and law and aboriginal peoples. He also teaches and has done consulting work in these fields.