Indigenous Peoples and Resource Development in Canada

Robert Bone & Robert Anderson (Eds.)     

Captus Press, ISBN 978-1-55322-351-1 (2017)
506 pages, 1020 g, 8 X 10, $59.75 (US$47.80)

Indigenous peoples continue to enlarge their foothold on their traditional lands as well as to assert their place within the larger Canadian society. A series of Supreme Court of Canada decisions has opened the door for Indigenous input into resource development decisions. Unlike the past, resource projects must pass the test of “Duty to Consult”, thus giving Indigenous peoples a powerful place at the decision-making table when resource development decisions are being made. At the same time, Impact Benefit Agreements and other arrangements are emerging as mechanism that help ensure that impacted Indigenous communities participate in and share the benefits of resource activities on their traditional lands.

Without a doubt, the Indigenous World is undergoing a transformation heading towards their version of sustainable resource development. In this transformation, not only do natural resources serve as an essential linchpin to maintaining their cultures but these resources also open opportunities for them to shape their emerging economies and societies within Canada.

Through a wealth of articles and commentaries, the place of natural resources in the world of Indigenous peoples is discussed and analyzed. The text is divided into three parts — Section One: Two Worldviews; Section Two: Renewable Resources; Section Three: Non-Renewable Resources — with a conclusion entitled “The Next Step”. The articles and commentaries contain provocative ideas, forcing students to reassess their present mindset and to formulate a new paradigm involving both peoples in a sustainable world. From that perspective, the book is ideal for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous classes.

Table of Contents   top


Section One: Two World Views


Chapter 1 World Views: Conflict and Accommodation

  1. The New Politics of Environmental Degradation: Un/expected landscapes of disempowerment and vulnerability
    Anna J. Willow
  2. Our Ways Will Continue On: Indigenous approaches to sustainability
    Jeffrey Corntassel
  3. Sharing the Wealth: How resource revenue agreements can honour
    treaties, improve communities, and facilitate Canadian development
    Ken S. Coates
  4. Indigenous Knowledge, Science, and Resilience: What have we learned from
    a decade of international literature on “integration”?
    Erin L. Bohensky and Yiheyis Maru
  5. Collective Indigenous Rights and Global Social Movements in the Face of
    Global Development: From resistance to social change
    Pat Lauderdale

Chapter 2 Aboriginal and Treaty Rights

  1. The Rule and Role of Law: The duty to consult, Aboriginal communities,
    and the Canadian natural resource sector
    Dwight Newman
  2. How the Tsilhqot’in Decision Changes Business in BC: Five new realities that
    alter how development can proceed
    Judith Sayers
  3. The End is Not Nigh: Reason over alarmism in analysing the Tsilhqot’in decision
    Kenneth Coates and Dwight Newman
  4. Indigenous Rights and Sustainable Enterprise
    Leo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
  5. Protectors of the Land: Toward an EA process that works for Aboriginal
    communities and developers
    Bram Noble and Aniekan Udofia

Chapter 3 Climate Change and Socio-Environmental Impacts

  1. Unikkaaqatigiit C Putting the Human Face on Climate Change:
    Perspectives from Inuit in Canada
    S. Nickels, C. Furgal, M. Buell, and H. Moquin
  2. Indigenous Communities Are Facing Major Economic and Cultural Impacts
    Susan Joy Hassol
  3. Weathering Changes: Cultivating Local and Traditional Knowledge of Environmental Change in Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in Traditional Territory
    Shirley Roburn and Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in Heritage Department

Section Two: Renewable Resources


Chapter 4 Eco-Tourism, Casinos, and Other Commercial Land Uses

  1. Comparison of Impacts of Urban Reserves and Other Vehicles of Economic Development Used by First Nations in Saskatchewan: A Preliminary Analysis
    Bettina Schneider, Oksana Starchenko, Robert B. Anderson, and Bob Kayseas
  2. Aboriginal Tourism: St. Eugene Mission, BC
    Thea Pedersen
  3. Are Canadian First Nations Casinos Providing Maximum Benefits? Appraising First Nations Casinos in Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Alberta, 2006–2010
    Yale Belanger

Chapter 5 Forestry

  1. Statement of Law Regarding First Nations and Forestry
    Douglas White III Kwulasultun and Roshan Danesh
  2. NorSask Forest Products Inc. — Our History
    NorSask Forest Products Inc.
  3. Collaboration between Aboriginal Peoples and the Canadian Forestry Industry: A dynamic relationship
    Stephen Wyatt, Jean-François Fortier, Garth Greskiw, Martin Hébert, Solange Nadeau, David Natcher, Peggy Smith, and Ron Trosper

Chapter 6 Hunting / Trapping / Country Food

  1. Maintaining Indigenous Food Traditions in Border Regions of Northern Canada
    David C. Natcher, Tobi Maracle, Norma Kassi, and Glenna Tetlichi
  2. Food Security in a Northern First Nations Community: An exploratory study on food availability and accessibility
    Teresa Socha, Mehdi Zahaf, Lori Chambers, Rawnda Abraham, and Teri Fiddler
  3. Ways We Respect Caribou: Teet‘it Gwich’in Rules
    Kristine Wray and Brenda Parlee

Chapter 7 Drinking Water

  1. Indigenizing Source Water Protection
    Robert J. Patrick
  2. Water and Indigenous Peoples: Canada’s Paradox
    Jerry P. White, Laura Murphy, and Nicholas Spence

Chapter 8 Commercial Fishery

  1. An Atlantic Fishing Tale 1999–2011: A policy ‘rags-to-riches’ story that’s good news for Aboriginals and for Canada
    Jacquelyn Thayer Scott
  2. Divided Waters: Heiltsuk Spatial Management of Herring Fisheries and the Politics of Native Sovereignty
    Miles Powell

Section Three: Non-Renewable Resources

  • Introduction
  • Chapter 9 Oil and Gas

    1. Developing Oil and Gas Resources On or Near Indigenous Lands in Canada: An Overview of Laws, Treaties, Regulations and Agreements
      Laura Wright and Jerry P. White
    2. Canadian Aboriginal Concerns With Oil Sands: A compilation of key issues, resolutions and legal activities
      Danielle Droitsch and Terra Simieritsch
    3. On Their Own Terms: Onion Lake Cree Nation’s approach to business and development
      Bob Kayseas and Peter W. Moroz

    Chapter 10 Mining

    1. All That Glitters: Diamond Mining and Tłįchǫ Youth in Behchokǫ, Northwest Territories
      Colleen M. Davison and Penelope Hawe
    2. The Victor Diamond Mine Environmental Assessment and the Mushkegowuk Territory First Nations: Critical Systems Thinking and Social Justice
      Daniel D. McCarthy, Graham S. Whitelaw, and Leonard Tsuji

    The Next Step

    Instructor Resources   top

    Related Resources   top

    About the Author   top

    Dr. Robert M. Bone is Professor Emeritus of the University of Saskatchewan.  His long-term involvement in the Circumpolar World but especially northern Canada stems from his Ph.D. dissertation that compared the economic development of the Canadian North with the Soviet Siberian North.  Dr. Bone served as Director of the Institute for Northern Studies at the University of Saskatchewan; was a long-term member of the Geography Department; and currently is teaching classes with the International Centre for Northern Governance and Development.

    He is the author of many articles and several books, including The Canadian North: Issues and Challenges and The Regional Geography of Canada.

    Dr. Robert B. Anderson is Professor of entrepreneurship and management accounting with the Hill/Levene Schools of Business of the University of Regina. He has a Ph.D. in regional economic development (geography), an MBA and is a Certified Management Accountant.

    Dr. Anderson has authored or co-authored more than 150 peer-reviewed papers and 15 book chapters on economic development and entrepreneurship. He is the author of two books on the subject, co-author of a third and co-editor of a handbook research on indigenous entrepreneurship. More recent work has expanded to include intellectual property mobilization by universities, and corporate social responsibility and sustainable development